One of the most important lessons parents can impart is self care, and basic first aid for kids teaches them how to care for themselves and others. Parents and children should both know how to treat minor injuries and nurse a cold. These basic first aid skills are some that kids and parents can learn together.
Kids are bound to rough house until they take a tumble and the fun is over. This is why every parent should know the steps to fast first aid for the most common accidents. Whether we’re talking about a scrape or a burn, it’s essential you act fast and reassure your child that everything is going to be just fine. Staying calm is the first thing you should keep in mind.
First aid is not only for parents. It’s never too early for children to know how to take care of themselves or how to tend to a child who’s been hurt when there is no adult around. To teach them all about first aid, you can use PowerPoint presentations that will keep them entertained or allow them to tag along on a first aid for kids class.
The Essential First Aid Kit
Here are the essentials you should always keep at hand in a box. Both your house and your car should be equipped with one of these essential kits. Start teaching basic first aid for kids by working with your child to pack a fully stocked first aid kit.
- A breathing barrier. These foldable shields are used for administering CPR. You can purchase them online.
- Alcohol wipes. Not only will they come in handy to clean and disinfect hands, you can also use them for disinfecting tweezers or scissors.
- Tweezers. For removing ticks or splinters, use small tweezers that have been disinfected.
- Calamine lotion and 1% hydrocortisone cream. These are essential for stings or bites.
- Thermometer. Choose an electronic, plastic one instead of a mercury glass thermometer.
- Bottled water. In case there is no other source of clean water around, use bottled water to clean wounds.
- Blanket. This will stop heat loss by trapping body warmth.
You don’t need special lessons or classes to learn basic first aid for kids. There is a slew of printable materials out there comprising plans for fun activities. Additionally, purchase a first aid manual for more info. Theory courses can be found online for in-depth lesson on safety. You’ll both learn how how you can help them in worst case scenarios.
The important thing is to act fast in all of the following situations. Remember that kids are bound to look at you and examine your reaction. If you panic, they’re likely to act anxious and panicky as well.
Immediately take care of any burn by running the area under cool water or applying cold compresses. Next up, you’ll want to protect the burn by loosely covering it with a bandage. For this, you can also use tape and gauze. You may have to take your kid to the doctor to have it checked. Any deep burns can be dangerous, so it’s highly recommended you avoid cold compresses and head straight to the ER in this case.
Once blisters start to form, let your child know they shouldn’t pop them. When the blister breaks on itself, follow up with an antibiotic cream or use a bandage over the wound until it heals. Provide your kid with reading materials like a booklet or magazine that talks about treating burns.
Cuts and Ccrapes
Nothing out of the ordinary, cuts and scrapes should still be treated seriously in order to avoid infection. If the cut or scrape is bleeding, press a clean cloth on the wound until the bleeding stops. Dirty scrapes can be gently washed with lukewarm water and soap. For broken skin, you can apply any antibiotic ointment from the drug store. A bandage should be applied over the cut until a scab is formed.
Head to the ER for any wounds that don’t stop bleeding. Likewise, animal bites should always be checked out by a doctor. For follow-up care, you’ll have to reapply the antibiotic cream twice a day and change the bandage. Advise your child to keep the bandage on at all times, especially when they are out playing. If you notice tender areas or pus, the wound is infected, and you should see a pediatrician right away.
These are a nuisance, however, the silver lining is that you don’t need any training to remove them. The first step is to wash the area surrounding the splinter. You can allow your child to use rubbing alcohol to disinfect a pair of tweezers. However, an adult should be in charge of removing it. Not all splinters are easy to pull out. In this case, you can wait a couple of days to see if the splinter comes out by itself. If the splinter can’t be removed after three days and the child is in pain, make sure to take your child to the doctor.
Glass shards, on the other hand, can be more dangerous. If your child steps on broken glass, you might be able to remove the big chunks. However, glass is deceiving, and smaller bits and pieces can still be stuck in the skin. In this case, you’ll need to gently wrap the area in a clean cloth and take the child to the ER. An X-ray may be needed to determine whether all the glass has been removed.
To help your kids understand what happens when you get a splinter, you can use free videos from YouTube. Look for appropriate worksheets or a quiz that will help them remember the lesson about skin. A fun guide with tips and procedure guides will surely catch their eyes, especially if it has pictures.
When your child gets a nosebleed, you should have them sit in an upright position. Don’t tilt their head back. Unbutton any tight shirts and loosen up anything else around the neck. You’ll want to pinch the end of the nose close to the nostril while the child is leaning forward. Keep pressure on the area for around 5 minutes.
Nosebleeds could appear after a trauma. In this case, use an ice pack over the bridge of the nose when the bleeding stops. Recurrent nosebleeds or episodes that last longer than 10 minutes should be checked out by a doctor.
You can teach your children about nosebleeds by showing them the procedures on a doll and allowing them to practice. Any basic first aid for kids techniques can be taught in a similar manner. Explain everything like you would be talking to a peer and try not to talk down to them.